Macromedia upgraded the Flash system between 19 adding Movie Clips, Actions (the precursor to Action Script), Alpha transparency, and other features.
As Flash matured, Macromedia's focus shifted from marketing it as a graphics and media tool to promoting it as a Web application platform, adding scripting and data access capabilities to the player while attempting to retain its small footprint.
As of 2016, Web applications and RIAs can be developed with Flash using the Action Script 3.0 programming language and related tools such as Adobe Flash Builder.
Third-party IDEs such as Flash Develop and Powerflasher FDT also enable developers to create Flash games and applications, and are generally similar to Microsoft Visual Studio.
Adobe AIR enables full-featured desktop and mobile applications to be developed with Flash and published for Windows, mac OS, Android, i OS, Xbox One, Play Station 4, and Nintendo Wii U and Switch.Flex applications are typically built using Flex frameworks such as Pure MVC.Flash video games were popular on the Internet, with portals like Newgrounds dedicated to hosting of Flash-based games.Popular games developed with Flash include Angry Birds, Clash of Clans, Farm Ville, Adventure Quest, Machinarium, Hundreds, N, QWOP and Solipskier.Adobe introduced various technologies to help build video games, including Adobe AIR (to release games for desktop or mobile platforms), Adobe Scout (to improve performance), Cross Bridge (to convert C -based games to run in Flash), and Stage3D (to support GPU-accelerated video games).