Not everyone who is identified as “at risk” becomes involved in violence.
Some risk factors for IPV victimization and perpetration are the same, while others are associated with one another.
More than half of domestic violence victims (57%) said they were distracted, almost half (45%) feared getting discovered, and two in five were afraid of their intimate partner’s unexpected visit (either by phone or in person).[iv]Nine in ten employees (91%) say that domestic violence has a negative impact on their company’s bottom line.
The table below lists OJP solicitations and challenges that closed during the current fiscal year.
The range of outcomes includes psychological distress, adjustment in adult relationships, college adjustment, school grades, physical health, teen pregnancy, delinquency, bullying, self-directed violence, physical fighting, teen dating violence perpetration, and adult intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration (Duke et al., 2010; Richmond et al., 2009; Elliott et al., 2009; Holt et al., 2007; Flaherty et al., 2009; Sternberg et al., 2006; Finkelhor et al., 2007a; Turner et al., 2010; Anda et al., 2001; Whitfield et al., 2003; Spriggs et al., 2009).
Seventy percent of youth in residential placement had some type of past traumatic experience, with 30 percent having experienced frequent and/or injurious physical and/or sexual abuse (Sedlak & Mc Pherson, 2010).
Over the course of their lifetimes, 66 percent experienced 2 or more types of violence, 30 percent experienced 5 or more types and 10 percent experienced more than 10 different types of violence (Turner et al., 2010).
Over the course of their lifetimes, 57 percent of the children who had witnessed intimate partner violence were also direct victims of child maltreatment (Hamby et al., in press).
Outcomes of Children Exposed to Violence Outcomes for children exposed to violence are often overlapping, with children experiencing multiple problems.
Any one of the identified outcomes has multiple risk factors other than exposure to violence which makes establishing a causal link between exposure to violence and any specific outcome extremely challenging (Saunders, 2003). "Intergenerational transmission of partner violence: A 20-year prospective study." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 741-753.