The anti-Buddhist actions of the Taliban in Afghanistan (the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan) was also used as a pretext to commit violence against Muslims in Burma by Buddhist mobs.
Human Rights Watch reports that there was mounting tension between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Taungoo for weeks before it erupted into violence in the middle of May 2001.
In 1930, anti-Indian riots were sparked by a labour issue at the Yangon port.
After Indian workers at the port went on strike, the British firm Stevedores tried to break the strike by hiring Burmese workers.
There was significant job competition between Indian migrants, who were willing to do unpleasant jobs for low income, and the native Burmese.
The agitation against Muslims and the British was led by Burmese newspapers.
The first Muslim documented in Burmese history (recorded in Hmannan Yazawin or Glass Palace Chronicle) was Byat Wi during the reign of Mon, a Thaton King, circa 1050 AD.
In 1559 AD, after conquering Pegu (present-day Bago), Bayinnaung banned Islamic ritual slaughter, thereby prohibiting Muslims from consuming halal meals of goats and chicken.
In 1938, anti-Muslim riots again broke out in Burma.
Moshe Yegar writes that the riots were fanned by anti-British and nationalistic sentiments, but were disguised as anti-Muslim so as not to provoke a response by the British.