The new constitution was followed by Kagame’s election to a 10-year term as Rwanda’s president and the country’s first-ever legislative elections.
As in the case of atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia around the same time, the international community largely remained on the sidelines during the Rwandan genocide.
This violence created a political vacuum, into which an interim government of extremist Hutu Power leaders from the military high command stepped on April 9.
(It has never been conclusively determined who the culprits were.
A United Nations Security Council vote in April 1994 led to the withdrawal of most of a U. peacekeeping operation (UNAMIR), created the previous fall to aid with governmental transition under the Arusha accord.
As reports of the genocide spread, the Security Council voted in mid-May to supply a more robust force, including more than 5,000 troops.
By early 1961, victorious Hutus had forced Rwanda’s Tutsi monarch into exile and declared the country a republic.
After a United Nations referendum that same year, Belgium officially granted independence to Rwanda in July 1962.