When writing about case law, use the case name (in 'one inverted comma') and the date (in brackets) e.g. If pinpointing to a page or paragraph in the law report, then add the abbreviation p. In your bibliography you would only cite Donohue as you have not read Hanes' and Cottam's works.
Ancient texts (printed)Reference the edition you have read: Virgil (2008) The Aeneid. Cottam (2012, cited in Donohue, 2015) rejects the hypothesis that...
Where the author is not known use the following rules: Title (Year if known) Name of collection and reference number, Location of archive in which the manuscript can be found. You should try to access the original source and reference that but, if that is not possible, do one of the following in the in-text citation: Hanes (2009, quoted in Donohue, 2015, p.12) promotes the idea that...
Bibliography: in the following examples we alternate between print and online legal and official documents. Name of collection and reference number, Location of archive in which the manuscript can be found. Secondary referencing is when you refer to a source that has been mentioned in a document you have read.
(2010) ‘Realignment in the Centre: The Liberal Democrats’, in Allen, N. When a news item is online only, the citation looks like this: BBC News (2017) 'Costa Book of the Year: Sebastian Barry on second win', 31 January. Richard III: The king in the car park (2013) Channel 4, 4 February. TV programme on DVDAlso include year of distribution, director and writer, date of first broadcast, place of distribution and distribution company.
The bibliography at the end of a document should be listed in alphabetical order according to author's surname.
If you have cited more than one item by the same author they should be listed chronologically (earliest first), and by letter (1996a 1996b) if more than one item has been published in the same year.
An article with no author and no corporate author‘Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas’ (Editorial) (1981) British Medical Journal, 283(6292), p. Electronic articles Where an electronic article looks like the print version and you have all the information for a reference including page numbers, follow the rules for a print article. Photographs The rules for photos are: Photographer (Year) Title of photograph [Photograph].
This is called a corporate author: The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-Marrow transplantation Team (1977) ‘Failure of syngeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia’, Lancet, 2(8041), pp.742-744.