Atmospheric through air–sea exchange and subsequent vertical mixing and becomes part of the biologically available dissolved inorganic carbon pool. Bomb-curve C dating of confiscated animal tissues (e.g., ivory statues) can be used to determine whether trade of the item is legal, because many Convention of International Trade of Endangered Species restrictions are based on the age of the tissue, and thus can serve as a powerful forensic tool to combat illegal trade in animal parts. This occurs naturally from secondary neutron flux generated by cosmic rays and anthropogenically by high neutron flux from nuclear fission in bombs or, to a lesser degree, nuclear reactors.
Chronologic control is imperative in intratooth stable isotope and histological studies that aim to evaluate seasonal variability in past environments.(14)C dating of tissues has applications to stable isotope (paleo)ecology and wildlife forensics. Using the tusk lengths and growth rates for R37 and Misha, we calculate the time represented in the tusks to be 28.0 and 14.8 y, respectively (C ages from tusks that formed between 19, particularly from male tusks and tusks that capture multiple ontogenetic stages, would elucidate variation in tusk growth rate as a function of sex and age.We use data from 41 additional samples to determine growth rates of tusks, molars, and hair, which improve interpretations of serial stable isotope data for (paleo)ecological studies. = 5) and an upper (n =3) canine of an individual, presumed to be a juvenile or young adult based on canine shape and size, give linear growth rates of 3.35 ± 0.25 cm/y and 1.94 ± 0.31 cm/y, respectively (). (22) measured lower canine growth rates in two female hippos from the Toledo Zoo by notching the tooth at the gum line and measuring the distance from the gum line the following year. We test the accuracy of accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating of 29 herbivore and plant tissues collected on known dates between 19 in East Africa.The latter is determined by the extension of the molar plate as new dentin and immature enamel are formed, whereas the former represents the difference between the average ages of the enamel volumes sampled at each position along the plate.