Freud conceived of the Oedipal complex, the supposed obsession of young boys their mother and the accompanying fear and rivalry with their father, and the less well-known Electra complex, in which the young girl feels that her mother has castrated her and therefore becomes obsessed with her father.Freud’s ideas influenced thought on parent-child relationships for decades.It can be used to avoid making an assumption about the gender or relational status (e.g.married, cohabitating, civil union) of a person’s intimate partner.The scientific study of relationships evolved during the 1990s and came to be referred to as 'relationship science', Romantic relationships have been defined in countless ways, by writers, philosophers, religions, scientists, and in the modern day, relationship counselors.
Insecure avoidant infants show little distress upon separation and ignore the caregiver when they return; they explore little when the parent is present.
Insecure ambivalent infants are highly distressed by separation, but continue to be distressed upon the parent’s return; these infants also explore little and display fear even when the parent is present.
Some psychologists have suggested a fourth attachment style, disorganized, so called because the infants’ behavior appeared disorganized or disoriented.
As emerging adults mature, they begin to develop attachment and caring qualities in their relationships, including love, bonding, security, and support for partners.
Earlier relationships also tend to be shorter and exhibit greater involvement with social networks.